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Report: Iran in violation of interim agreement (The Daily Tip)

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July 2, 2015

Iran has violated one of the terms of the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA), according to a report by the Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), a non-proliferation think tank. Under the JPOA, Iran is obligated to convert all newly enriched uranium hexafluoride to uranium dioxide. However, “only 9 percent…has actually been converted into uranium dioxide form,” according to a report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The remainder of the stockpile “remains in intermediate forms.” While administration officials have insisted that the uranium has been converted into another form of oxide, the ISIS analysts, including the president of the institute, David Albright, argue that it shows a “shifting criteria” in the JPOA: “When it became clear Iran could not meet its commitment to convert the LEU into uranium dioxide, the United States revised its criteria for Iran meetings its obligations.” This raises concerns that the P5+1 may ignore or explain away Iranian violations of any future agreement over its nuclear program.

Illicit Iranian efforts to acquire nuclear-related materials – some of which would be prohibited under the emerging deal – are known to be ongoing. Reuters reported last month that the Czech government had uncovered an Iranian attempt to purchase a shipment of compressors from a U.S.-owned company based in Prague. Olli Heinonen, a former deputy director of the IAEA, told the outlet that the compressors “can be used to extract enriched uranium directly from the [centrifuge] cascades.” In April, the British Government reportedly informed a United Nations panel about an illicit Iranian nuclear procurement network involving two firms under sanctions for suspected links to Iran’s nuclear activities. Iran fed uranium hexafluoride gas into an advanced centrifuge, in violation of the JPOA. Reuters reported in April 2014 that Iran’s oil exports were far in excess of the monthly 1 million barrel-per-day limit imposed by the JPOA. All of this deepens concerns that P5+1 members might continue to look the other way when future violations occur.

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