July 2, 2015
Illicit Iranian efforts to acquire nuclear-related materials – some of which would be prohibited under the emerging deal – are known to be ongoing. Reuters reported last month that the Czech government had uncovered an Iranian attempt to purchase a shipment of compressors from a U.S.-owned company based in Prague. Olli Heinonen, a former deputy director of the IAEA, told the outlet that the compressors “can be used to extract enriched uranium directly from the [centrifuge] cascades.” In April, the British Government reportedly informed a United Nations panel about an illicit Iranian nuclear procurement network involving two firms under sanctions for suspected links to Iran’s nuclear activities. Iran fed uranium hexafluoride gas into an advanced centrifuge, in violation of the JPOA. Reuters reported in April 2014 that Iran’s oil exports were far in excess of the monthly 1 million barrel-per-day limit imposed by the JPOA. All of this deepens concerns that P5+1 members might continue to look the other way when future violations occur.