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Archaeology 101: Jews and the Temple Mount in Jerusalem – Zachi Dvira (TOI via Daily Alert), and summaries of 2 other related articles

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Archaeology 101: Jews and the Temple Mount in Jerusalem – Zachi Dvira (Times of Israel)

  • Muslim authorities on the Temple Mount have no concern for preserving even their own archaeological heritage.
  • In 1999, the Muslim authorities excavated a gigantic pit in the south-eastern area of the Temple Mount using bulldozers and removing 400 truckloads of dirt. This was done without any archaeological control or supervision.
  • Consequently, we established the Temple Mount Sifting Project in order to save, preserve, and study the vast amount of archaeological artifacts that were buried in this soil. We retrieved hundreds of thousands of artifacts dating to the First and Second Jewish Temple periods and onwards, including Christian- and Muslim-era artifacts.
  • The existence of the Jewish Temples is beyond any doubt. Numerous historical sources witnessed them, including pagan historians who were not influenced by the Jewish or Christian tradition, such as Berossus (3rd century BCE), Menander of Ephesus (2nd century BCE), Hecataeus of Abdera (c. 300 BCE), Mmaseas of Patara (c. 200 BCE), Diodorus of Sicily (1st century BCE), Strabo (1st century BCE), Tacitus (1st century CE) and many others.
  • Artifacts found at the Temple Mount include:
    • A Greek inscription warning gentiles not to enter further into the temple compound;
    • A stone carved with an inscription referring to blowing the trumpets from the Temple Mount;
    • A clay seal used by the Temple priests to keep track of commerce related to sacrificial offerings;
    • A golden bell believed sewn to the garment worn by the high priest, as described in the Bible;
    • Numerous Jewish ritual purification baths in the areas surrounding the Temple Mount.
    • Moreover, the Sifting Project has recovered over 800 Jewish coins from the Second Temple period.

    The writer is an archaeologist and co-directs the Temple Mount Sifting Project.


See also The Jewish Connection to Jerusalem and Its Holy Sites – Nadav Shragai
The long list of archaeological finds from the Temple Mount area drives the Muslims crazy for one central reason: They prove the ancient Jewish connection to the Temple Mount and its retaining walls. Especially the Western Wall. Jews have prayed at the foot of the Western Wall for more than 1,000 years. The Jews even received Turkish decrees confirming their rights to the Western Wall. (Israel Hayom)
See also Rachel’s Tomb, a Jewish Holy Place, Was Never a Mosque – Nadav Shragai
On August 10, 1830, the Ottoman Turkish Sultan issued the firmanthat gave legal force to Rachel’s Tomb being recognized as a Jewish holy site. The governor of Damascus sent a written order to the Mufti of Jerusalem to fulfill the Sultan’s order: “the tomb of esteemed Rachel, the mother of our Lord Joseph.they (the Jews) are accustomed to visit it from ancient days; and no one is permitted to prevent them or oppose them (from doing) this.”  (Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs)

(Click on any article’s title to see the whole article…Ed.)

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  • Published: 5 years ago on October 19, 2016
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  • Last Modified: October 19, 2016 @ 10:32 am
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