From Arlene Kushner’s blog, July 6,2018
I want to recommend an excellent piece by Ari Ingel, “Israel, Gaza and international law”:
It makes the case solidly for Israel with regard to international and the situation in Gaza. It clarifies that:
 Israel is not an occupier in Gaza.
 The blockade of Gaza does not constitute an occupation and is legal because Israel is engaged in an armed struggle with Hamas.
 Quelling a riot – something Israel has repeatedly had to do at the fence – is a legitimate basis for use of deadly force.
 Deadly force is permitted during hostilities including against civilians who are engaged in those hostilities.
 The concept of proportionality is vastly misunderstood and in fact refers to an assessment of whether the civilian casualties would be excessive in relation to the anticipated gain. In the Gaza case this involves prevention of a breach of the borders and potential threats to Israeli civilians.
Everyone interested in defending Israel should be in possession of this information.